Phonemic Awareness: Developing Sound Sense

Phonological Awareness: Sounds in Language

Phonemic Awareness: Sounds in Words

1. What Is Phonemic Awareness?

Phonemic awareness is the ability to think about, analyze, and manipulate the sound structure of individual words. This pre-reading skill, also called phonological awareness, will make phonics that much easier for your child. It is the foundation of a child’s reading ability — if a child can’t hear the individual sounds in a word, he will always struggle to figure out the letters in that word. More
Phonemic awareness is the skill of hearing the difference between bat and mat and understanding that changing the /b/ sound in bat to an /mmm/ sound can create a different word.
↑ Top

2. Teaching Phonemic Awareness

We at have created a comprehensive curriculum for phonemic awareness instruction. It is intended for parents to use with one child in the home as well as for preschool teachers to use in the classroom. The curriculum is divided into eleven sections, each containing about ten activities and games. All the activities are designed to be short and engaging. Just go through the curriculum in order, as later exercises will build upon the skills learned in earlier exercises. Refer to our Teaching Tips for suggestions on planning lessons and tailoring activities to your child. How long will this take? For typically developing four-year-olds, it takes about ten months, or one school year, to go through the entire Phonemic Awareness Curriculum. More ↑ Top

3. Benefits of Phonemic Awareness

Phonemic awareness makes learning to read easier. A child with phonemic awareness can already blend sounds into words, and so she finds phonics more intuitive. When a child can separate words into sounds, spelling (breaking words into letters) becomes easier.
“Teach[ing] phonemic awareness…accelerates reading and writing growth of the entire classroom…” Ingvar Lundberg, “Phonemic Awareness in Young Children”
A typical child entering elementary school with high phonemic awareness is almost certain to become a skilled and confident reader. A child with low phonemic awareness is likely to struggle with phonics and reading. ↑ Top

4 Responses to “Phonemic Awareness & Phonological Awareness: The Foundation For Literacy”

  1. Teach Phonemic Awareness Simply and Effectively « Peer Tutoring Resource Center

    […] Phonemic awareness is a vital skill for children who are learning to read. Put simply, it is the ability to split up and rearrange individual sounds (called phonemes) within spoken words. Some people call this pre-phonics, because a child who has learned to hear the sounds within words is ready to start connecting those sounds to letters and written words. Research has proven that phonemic awareness is one of the two best predictors of success in early literacy. […]

  2. Kaitlyn Brown

    Great resources!

  3. Theresa

    Your style is very unique compared to other folks I have read stuff from.

    I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got
    the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this site.

  4. Cynthia Sims

    Thank you.


Leave a Reply